Have you ever thought about what are the causes of low sperm count? Do you want to know more about male infertility?
Pyospermia is a condition in which an unusually high number of white blood cells in the semen can affect male fertility ( pyospermia-natural-treatment ). Pyospermia weakens the sperm and damages its genetic material.
To mention a few, a man’s cholesterol, blood pressure, and weight/BMI are all signs of excellent health. When you see a TFC male fertility expert, you will also be given another test: sperm count.
What most people call a sperm count is really a sperm concentration, which measures the amount of sperm in one millilitre (mL) of sperm.
A conventional sperm analysis (or sperm test) analyses three key factors: sperm concentration, sperm motility (or the percentage of active swimming sperm), and sperm morphology (shape).
Normal sperm concentrations are at least 20 million per mL, motility is at least 50%, and morphology is at least 15%.
While there are many other relevant criteria in a sperm analysis, such as seminal volume, the presence or absence of white blood cells, and the quality of sperm movement (to mention a few), most lay people concentrate on sperm concentration.
A low sperm count indicates that the fluid (semen) you ejaculate during an orgasmic experience includes fewer sperm than usual.
Oligospermia is another term for a low sperm count (ol-ih-go-SPUR-me-uh). A total lack of sperm is referred to as azoospermia. If you have less than 15 million sperm per millilitre of sperm, your sperm count is considered poor.
A low sperm count reduces the chances of one of your sperm fertilizing your partner’s egg, resulting in pregnancy. Despite this, many men with low sperm counts are nonetheless able to father a kid.
What Is Pyospermia?
Pyospermia (also known as leukocytopenia) is a disorder in which an abnormally high amount of white blood cells are found in the sperm — more than 1 million white blood cells per milliliter of sperm results in a vast number of eggs.
Pyospermia is when the sperm’s genetic material is damaged because white blood cells might weaken the sperm. White blood cells produce potent chemicals known as reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can destroy organisms that are the source of an illness.
However, ROS may also hurt healthy tissues, which includes sperm. ROS degrade the sperm membrane, inhibit sperm motility, and cause DNA damage in the sperm.
How Common Is Pyospermia?
Less than 5% of men with a fertility problem are diagnosed with pyospermia.
What Causes Pyospermia?
Pyospermia may be induced by a variety of factors, including the following:
- Inflammation is a state of being (swelling).
- Autoimmune diseases and disorders (the body attacks itself).
- Urethral stricture is a condition that occurs in the urethra (narrowing of the tube through which urine passes).
- Genital infections such as herpes, gonorrhea, and chlamydia are most common.
- Varicocele is a varicose vein (the veins coming from the testicle are dilated or widened).
- Illness that affects the whole body (across the entire body).
- Ejaculation occurs rather seldom.
- Tobacco, marijuana, and alcoholic beverages are all used.
Pyospermia may be caused by infections of the genitourinary system, one of the probable causes. E. coli, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, and Chlamydia are the most common pathogens. While most persons who have a genitourinary infection will have symptoms, up to 10% of young adults may experience no or very moderate symptoms.
Because genital infections can be transmitted through sexual contact and are usually treatable, all men diagnosed with pyospermia should have urine tests performed to look for organisms that cause infection within the genitourinary tract. Some genital infections can be transmitted through sexual contact and are usually treatable successfully.
Women who suffer from infections of the female reproductive system may have severe and lifelong fertility issues. Even though the chance of contracting a disease is minimal, men should use a condom during sexual contact until the urine tests reveal no infection.
The spouse or partner should also be examined and treated if the testing results show the presence of an infectious organism.
How Is Pyospermia Treated?
The removal of white blood cells from the sperm may enhance the function of the sperm and increase the likelihood of a successful pregnancy.
Because antibiotics may be beneficial in treating pyospermia, men may be prescribed antibiotics and instructed to complete the course of medication, even if no organisms are discovered in the urine. In certain situations, a culture of the sperm may be collected. This is unusual.
For people suffering from pyospermia, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) are also administered, and they have been shown to increase sperm count. Pyospermia may also improve on its own over time.
Pyospermia Natural Treatment
There are a variety of different measures that men may take to attempt to reduce extra white blood cells from their sperm, including
It is necessary to refrain from using any tobacco products.
- Avoiding excessive use of alcoholic beverages.
- Putting an end to the usage of marijuana.
- Ejaculation is occurring more often.
It has been shown that the usage of antioxidant dietary supplements may diminish sperm production and minimize the impact of white blood cells in the testicles. Men attempting to conceive and who have pyospermia might consider taking antioxidant, nutritional supplements, such as vitamin E, vitamin C, Coenzyme ubiquinol-10 (CoQ10), glutathione, and others, to help them achieve success.
Additionally, treating genitourinary abnormalities that may be the source of infection or inflammation may help alleviate the symptoms of Pyospermia.
Varicocelectomy, or the operation to treat a varicocele, is one method of correction that may enhance semen output while also reducing the number of white blood cells in the ovaries. Another kind of abnormality that may be addressed is prostatic blockage caused by infection and urethral valves.
Low Sperm Count Symptoms
The inability to conceive a child is the most obvious indicator of a low sperm count.
Other evident indications or symptoms may not exist. An underlying issue, such as an inherited chromosomal aberration, a hormone imbalance, dilated testicular veins, or a disease that prevents sperm passage, may induce signs and symptoms in certain men.
Symptoms of a low sperm count may include:
- Sexual function issues, such as poor sex desire or difficulties keeping an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- In the testicular region, you may experience pain, swelling, or a lump.
- Reduced face or body hair, as well as other indicators of chromosomal or hormone abnormalities
If A Semen Analysis Reveals A Low Sperm Count, We Will Perform Additional Testing To Ascertain The Cause.
Some circumstances may need a referral to a urologist who specialises in male fertility, and we have relationships with the finest in Central Texas.
It may reassure you to know that TFC can effectively treat virtually all instances of male factor infertility with our collaborative approach.
Some conditions are treatable with simple lifestyle modifications, while others may need medication, surgery, or laboratory aid in the form of intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Regardless, virtually all men who get therapy have a great prognosis.
Causes Of Low Sperm Count
Infections, Surgeries, And Current And Previous Health Issues
Scars from Mumps, sexually transmitted illnesses like Chlamydia, or urinary tract infections may clog the delicate tubes that transfer sperm from the testes to the penis. Spinal cord injury, diabetes, and certain operations may all disrupt normal sperm flow and/or cause retrograde (backward) ejaculation.
Chronic Or Genetic Disease
While the majority of hereditary reasons of poor or absent sperm production are uncommon, several chronic diseases and/or drugs used to treat them are prevalent causes of male infertility. Low sperm count may be caused by conditions such as testicular or prostate cancer, diabetes, excessive blood pressure, and peripheral vascular disease.
Cancer treatment, whether surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, may kill sperm cells and significantly reduce a man’s sperm count. To safeguard future fertility, TFC provides fertility rescue prior to cancer therapy.
Problems With The Penis Or Testicles’ Structure
Peyronie’s disease (in which plaque and/or scar tissue build up in the penis) and difficulties with inflammation and scar tissue that may interfere with the normal ejaculatory process are examples of structural disorders with the penis that can cause a man’s sperm count to decrease.
A varicocele is a disorder that may sometimes compromise fertility and is found in up to 40% of men with reproductive concerns. While most men with varicocele do not need or benefit from surgery, the illness is serious enough to justify a consultation with a reproductive expert.
Other potentially serious structural concerns include undescended testicles, sperm duct difficulties, and sperm tube obstructions (vas deferens).
Imbalances In Hormones
Hormones control sperm production, and hormonal signals between the brain, pituitary, and testicles may halt or stop entirely. A blood test may determine if all systems are working properly or whether an imbalance is creating a low sperm count.
Surgeries to reverse vasectomy may offer positive outcomes in restoring sperm tube patency. However, the surgery’s side effects may cause a man to create antibodies that target his own sperm.
Low T Medications
Inquire with your fertility specialist about drugs that may cause a low sperm count, such as popular Low T treatments. Men who have taken anabolic steroids for a long time may have a reduced sperm count as a consequence. In many situations, these adverse effects are just transitory, and fertility returns when the medicine is discontinued.
Environmental And Behavioral Factors
Certain behaviours and vocations put men at risk for infertility, and a low sperm count may make becoming a parent difficult. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and weight while trying to conceive can boost your chances of success. The following are the most prevalent dangers to a man’s fertility:
- Abuse of alcohol
- Steroids anabolic
- Using cigarettes
- Toxic chemicals, heavy metals, pesticides, paint, and solvents exposure
- Cocaine and marijuana are examples of illegal substances.
In severe situations, extended heat exposure and long-distance cycling may potentially impair a man’s fertility and result in a low sperm count. In some circumstances, changing one’s behaviors may be the only solution.
Your Texas Fertility Center doctor professionally assists men in overcoming low sperm count. Treatments ranging from lifestyle modifications to minimally invasive artificial insemination may provide outstanding outcomes. TFC may propose sperm injection ICSI in an IVF cycle for males with severely low sperm counts.
If you have been trying to conceive for more than a year, or six months if the female spouse is beyond the age of 35, inquire about a male fertility evaluation and sperm analysis. We can quickly examine sperm health data and offer a result-driven course of action.
Diagnosing Low Sperm Count
If you’ve had unprotected sex on a regular basis for the last year and haven’t gotten your partner pregnant, you should see your doctor. If you don’t currently have a primary care physician, you may use the Healthline FindCare tool to look for one in your region.
In fact, if you have symptoms such as difficulty ejaculating, discomfort in the testicles, or a history of surgery, you should make an appointment as soon as possible.
A physical exam, medical history, and sperm analysis are commonly used to make a diagnosis.
We understand that ejaculating into a cup is probably the last thing on your mind. However, for the medical practitioner requesting or receiving the analysis, it is no different from a urine or blood sample, so there is no need to be embarrassed.
A sperm analysis may count your sperm under a microscope and assess for motility (movement) and morphology, which can help you get a diagnosis (shape).
Because of the considerable variability between samples, your doctor may wish to repeat the study to obtain consistent findings.
At your doctor’s office, you will most likely be given a container. At the clinic or at home, you will be asked to masturbate and ejaculate into the container.
If you choose to collect the sample at home, you will be given instructions on how to care for it until you can return it to the lab within an hour.
Your doctor may also order the following tests:
- Blood tests to examine hormone levels or chromosomes, ultrasound to see the testicles, or a prostate biopsy to assess sperm production in the event of a blockage
Treatment For Low Sperm Count
The therapy you get for low sperm count will be determined on the underlying cause. There are also certain things you can do to spice up your trying to conceive (TTC) routine that may increase your chances of becoming pregnant.
Surgery is a possibility for situations with extensive varicoceles, obstructions, or problems with sperm exiting the body. A varicocele, for example, may be repaired with a modest outpatient procedure, and past vasectomies can be reversed.
In some circumstances, sperm may be retrieved straight from the testicle or epididymis for assisted reproductive methods such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Medications may be used to treat infections of the reproductive tract. Infections must be treated as soon as possible. Even if an infection is treated adequately, sperm count may not recover to normal if chronic tissue scarring has occurred.
Sexual intercourse problems, such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation, may benefit from a mix of medication and therapy.
Because high or low testosterone and other hormone levels may cause low sperm count, correcting the levels with drugs and other therapies may help restore fertility.
Avoid using anabolic steroids, testosterone, or even most over-the-counter testosterone boosters, since they might induce infertility.
Changes In Lifestyle
Having sexual intercourse more often and timing sex with ovulation are two things you may do at home to boost your chances of pregnancy if you have a low sperm count.
Having intercourse every day or every other day for a few days before, during, and after ovulation, for example, can assist guarantee that the swimmers who make it all the way to the egg arrive at the correct moment.
While you’re at it, avoid any lubricants that might delay sperm movement. If you wish to use lubricant, use something like Pre-Seed sparingly. Despite popular belief, even Pre-Seed may create a physical barrier if applied enough.
Also, activities that elevate the temperature of the testicles, such as frequent hot tub dips, saunas, or steam rooms, should be avoided. Finally, abstain from excessive drug and alcohol usage, as well as fitness supplements known to degrade sperm quality.
Despite the fact that a number of vitamin supplements have been tested, antioxidants or vitamins may have little impact unless you have a serious dietary shortage.
Before using supplements, consult your doctor since some may interfere with other prescriptions you’re taking. Furthermore, many fitness supplements may impair your fertility.
Give It Some Time.
It is crucial to remember that any therapies or lifestyle modifications may not be immediately reflected in your sperm count, since sperm production and transportation might take up to 2 to 3 months. As a result, you may not notice a rise for three months on average.