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What causes eye infections?

Over the past few days, we have discussed different types of eye infections but have you ever thought about what causes eye infections? What is the root cause of it?

Bacteria, viruses, or fungi may cause an eye infection when they penetrate the eye or its region. There is a thin, moist membrane (cornea) on the outer and inner eyelids, as well as a transparent front surface of the eye (cornea) (conjunctiva).

Many eye infections may be treated easily and quickly. On the other hand, a significant eye infection needs urgent medical intervention.

What causes eye infections?

Common eye infections include:

1. Pink eye

A typical eye illness known as conjunctivitis (pink eye) is one of the most frequent.

Among youngsters in daycare facilities, schools, and similar settings, pink eye is a highly infectious eye illness. When in close quarters with small children, teachers and daycare staff are more susceptible to pink eye.

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Infectious conjunctivitis types are either viral or bacterial, and they may lead to severe complications. Conjunctival eye infections (gonococcal and chlamydial conjunctivitis) may be passed from mother to child at delivery if she has a sexually transmitted illness.

Several other viral infections of the eye aren’t as frequent as pink eye, including ocular herpes.

2. Stye

Infection of the upper eyelid margin called a stye is relatively frequent.

Styes occur when an eyelid oil gland is blocked, resulting in a bacterial infection that is both painful and unsightly. Home treatments work well for the majority of styles. It is possible for them to need medical care in rare circumstances.

Stye and chalazion are two similar-looking lesions that are often mistaken for one another. A chalazion is different from a style since it doesn’t hurt and isn’t a bacterial infection in eyelid infections.

3. Fungal keratitis

In 2006, a contact lens solution was connected to this fungal eye infection epidemic among contact lens users. The product is no longer available.

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Fusarium, a fungus often found in organic debris, was blamed for the epidemic. Other fungi may enter the eye via penetrating injuries, such as those produced by tree branches.